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Authors’ Reply to Garattini and Freemantle: “Value-Based Pricing Alternatives for Personalised Drugs: Implications of Asymmetric Information and Competition”. Applied health economics and health policy, 18(3), pp. 455-456.



Personalised drugs will increase the heterogeneity in patients’ responses to treatment; this opens new scenarios with regard to the relationship between price regulation and listing strategies by the industry. In a static framework, if the effectiveness differential across patients can be observed only by the manufacturer, the main definitions currently proposed for value-based prices lead to the same listing strategy. This is no longer true in a dynamic setting where competition by a new entrant is possible. To predict accurately the implications of alternative pricing policies, it is essential for decision makers to adopt a dynamic perspective that takes the role of competition into account.