Casarico A., Micheletto L., Sommacal A. (2011).
Intergenerational transmission of skills during childhood and optimal public policy. Working Paper Series, Center for Fiscal Studies 2011:3, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
The paper characterizes the optimal tax policy and the optimal quality of day care services in a OLG model with warm-glow altruism where parental choices over child care arrangements affect the probability that the child becomes a high-skilled adult in a type-specific way. With respect to previous contributions, optimal tax formulas include type-specific Pigouvian terms which correct for the intergenerational externality in human capital accumulation. Our numerical simulations suggest that a public policy that disregards the effects of parental time on children’s human capital entails a welfare loss that ranges from 0:2% to 5:7% of aggregate consumption.